A Puerto Rican nationalist who served 35 years in prison for his ties to the FALN terror group stepped off at the head of New York City’s Puerto Rican Day Parade Sunday, with a top city official by his side.
Oscar Lopez Rivera drew cheers and boos as he stood on the first float of the parade, which moved up Fifth Avenue in Manhattan.
Organizers had offered to honor Lopez Rivera with the parade’s “National Freedom Award,” but he declined after a backlash that saw sponsors, including AT&T and Jet Blue, and politicians like New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo pull out.
“I feel good about being here,” Lopez Rivera told the New York Post as he pounded his chest and chanting “Que viva Puerto Rico!” “This parade is for the Puerto Rican public.”
New York City Council Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito joined Lopez Rivera’s float approximately halfway along the parade route.
“I’m here to celebrate,” she said. “This is a day of unity and celebration.”
As for those who chose to stay away because of Lopez Rivera, she said “that’s their decision.”
Lopez Rivera’s supporters followed, carrying signs that read, “Oscar Lopez Rivera is our Mandela.”
Nanchelle Rivera — no relation — was not among them. From the sidelines, the 28-year-old spectator said she refuses to back the man who was convicted for his involvement with the FALN, responsible for bombings that killed and maimed dozens in the 1970s and 1980s.
“He did not represent me,” said the young woman visiting from Orlando told the Associated Press.
She said she would not have come to watch the celebration if she’d known Lopez Rivera would be there.
A supporter in the parade heard her booing, and shouted back, “This is your history!”
“This really pisses me off,” spectator Mark Rivera told the Post. “This is a day for honoring the republic of Puerto Rico, not honoring a terrorist. This man has no place in our parade. He makes me ashamed to be a Puerto Rican.”
Most of the tens of thousands of revelers turned out simply to celebrate Puerto Rico, happily salsa dancing and waving Puerto Rican flags. Some wrapped their bodies in it, others adorned their heads with the red, white and blue colors.
“We don’t care that he is here,” said Rosa Rosario, a 68-year-old New Yorker.
“I don’t support a political movement,” she said, explaining that she was at the parade to support “my hometown, Hormigueros” — a municipality in the western region of the island.
The parade has often been a venue to showcase the complicated history of the U.S. territory, now mired in a recession. This year, it comes on the same day Puerto Ricans vote among three choices: independence, statehood or their current territorial status.
Decades ago, FALN claimed responsibility for more than 100 bombings in the U.S. and Puerto Rico, including a lunchtime blast in 1975 that killed four people at New York’s historic Fraunces Tavern.
Lopez Rivera was convicted of seditious conspiracy though he was never charged with any specific bombings and has denied participating in attacks that injured anyone. He was released last month following the commutation of his sentence by then-President Barack Obama.
Mayor Bill de Blasio, who for weeks defended his own decision to march, said last week that he was uncomfortable with the idea of honoring Lopez Rivera all along. He showed up for the march, making no comments but shaking hands with people across police barricades.
New York held its first Puerto Rican parade in 1958, when it was barely legal to display the Puerto Rican flag on the island and Puerto Ricans on the mainland faced harsh discrimination.
Congress will ultimately have to approve the outcome of Sunday’s referendum. Some Puerto Ricans blame the current recession on the U.S. government, partly because of the elimination of tax credits that many say led to the collapse of the island’s manufacturing sector.